13 Jun 2011

Untuk Renungan

Ada seorang pemuda yang lama sekolah di negeri Syam kembali ke tanah air. Sesampainya di rumah ia meminta kepada orang tuanya untuk mencari seorang Guru agama, siapapun yang boleh menjawab 3 pertanyaannya. Akhirnya Orang tua pemuda itu mendapatkan orang tersebut.

“Anda siapa? Dan apakah boleh anda menjawab pertanyaan-pertanyaan saya?” Pemuda bertanya. “Saya hamba Allah dan dengan izin-Nya saya akan menjawab pertanyaan saudara.” Jawab Guru Agama. “Anda yakin? sedang Profesor dan banyak orang pintar saja tidak mampu menjawab pertanyaan saya.” Jawab Guru Agama “Saya akan mencuba sejauh kemampuan saya”

Pemuda : “Saya punya 3 pertanyaan

1. Kalau memang Tuhan itu ada, tunjukan kewujudan Tuhan kepada saya

2. Apakah yang dinamakan takdir

3. Kalau syaitan diciptakan dari api kenapa dimasukan ke neraka yang dibuat dari api, tentu tidak menyakitkan buat syaitan, sebab mereka memiliki unsur yang sama.

Apakah Tuhan tidak pernah berfikir sejauh itu?”

Tiba-tiba Guru Agama tersebut menampar pipi si Pemuda dengan keras. Sambil menahan kesakitan pemuda berkata “Kenapa anda marah kepada saya?” Jawab Guru Agama “Saya tidak marah… Tamparan itu adalah jawapan saya atas 3 pertanyaan yang anda ajukan kepada saya”.

“Saya sungguh-sungguh tidak faham”, kata pemuda itu. Guru Agama bertanya “Bagaimana rasanya tamparan saya?”. “Tentu saja saya merasakan sakit”, jawab beliau. Guru Agama bertanya ” Jadi anda percaya bahawa sakit itu ada?”. Pemuda itu mengangguk tanda percaya. Guru Agama bertanya lagi, “Tunjukan pada saya wujud sakit itu!” “ Tak boleh”, jawap pemuda. “Itulah jawapan pertanyaan pertama: kita semua merasakan kewujudan Tuhan tanpa mampu melihat wujudnya.” Terang Guru Agama.

Guru Agama bertanya lagi, “Apakah tadi malam anda bermimpi akan ditampar oleh saya?”. “Tidak” jawab pemuda. “Apakah pernah terfikir oleh anda akan menerima sebuah tamparan dari saya hari ini?” “Tidak” jawab pemuda. “Itulah yang dinamakan Takdir” Terang Guru Agama.

Guru Agama bertanya lagi, “Diperbuat dari apa tangan yang saya gunakan untuk menampar anda?”. “kulit”. Jawab pemuda. “Pipi anda diperbuat dari apa?” “ Kulit “ Jawab pemuda. “Bagaimana rasanya tamparan saya?”. “Sakit.” Jawab pemuda. “Walaupun Syaitan terbuat dari api dan Neraka terbuat dari api, jika Tuhan berkehendak maka Neraka akan menjadi tempat menyakitkan untuk syaitan.” Terang Guru Agama.


11 Jun 2009

Ikan Air masin

ikan air tawar


3 Jun 2009


Cubalah Practice Sebanyak Yang Boleh

Cubalah ikatan-ikatan di bawah ini dan semoga keyakinan anda akan bertambah. Janganlah terlalu bergantung pada nasib. Anda mampu mengubahnya.

There is one small hitch encountered by many first time knot-tiers. Their expert instructors seem to assume that their fellow fishermen are familiar with the Surgeon's Knot, the Bimini Twist and the like. But long before I moved into the field of knot-tying, I was content to join a line-to-swivel, swivel-to-trace and trace-to-hook via a Simple Loop Knot, where the loop is made only perhaps 25mm long - just long enough to pass over the hook and swivel.

The Loop Knot can be tied readily in the dark, and equally readily attached to swivel and hook. If fishing for flathead, you may have more confidence in your gear if the loop to the hook is made about 12.5cm long, thus taking the fish on a doubled trace.

Loop Knot

As experience is gained, you may wish to move on from the Loop Knot to knots that lie closer to hook and swivel.

Half Blood Knot

One of these is the Half Blood Knot, which is more correctly half of the Barrel Knot. THIS KNOT WILL SLIP. It has cost me more fish than I want to remember.

If you must use it, then you have two choices:

a) Stop the end of the line with a simple Overhand Knot, and draw it against the turns of the knot.

Half Blood Knot with simple Overhand Knot end stop

b) or make the Half Blood Knot into a Clinch Knot.

The following illustrations are fairly well all-purpose, but for tropical waters we strongly suggest that a 35-45lb mono leader be used prior to attaching a lure. If you are going after fish like mackerel, it is also a good idea to use black wire and swivels.

Half Blood Knot to Clinch Knot

Clinch Knot

  1. Pass the line through the eye of the hook, or swivel.
  2. Double back. make five turns around the line.
  3. Pass the end of the line through the first loop, above the eye, and then through the large loop. Draw the knot into shape.
  4. Slide the coils down tight against the eye.

Jansik Special

Jansik Special Another beautifully simple knotthat can be tied in the dark, The Jansik Special is a high strength knot tied as follows:

  1. Put 15cm of line through the eye of the hook.
  2. Bring it around in a circle and put the end through again.
  3. Making a second circle, pass then end through a third time.
  4. Holding the three circles of line against each other, wrap the end three times around the circles.
  5. Either hold the hook steady with pliers, or make it fast to boat's rigging or safety lines.
  6. Holding strain on the hook, pull on both ends of the line to tighten.

Palomar Knot

Palomar Knot The Palomar Knot is another very simple knot for terminal tackle. It is regarded by the International Game Fish Association consistently as the strongest knot known. It's great virtue is that it can safely be tied at night with a minimum of practice.

  1. Double about 12.5cm of line, and pass through the eye.
  2. Tie a simple Overhand Knot in the doubled line, letting the hook hang loose. Avoide twisting the lines.
  3. Pull the end of loop down, passing it completely over the hook.
  4. Pull both ends of the line to draw up the knot.

Hangman's Knot

Hangmans Knot There are at least 6 variations of the Hangman's Knot, - all of them excellent for terminal tackle, swivels and hooks. The "standard" Hangman's Knot holds only five turns when tied in monofilament nylon. If tied in rope, and used for its stated purpose, it takes eight turns.

  1. Pass a 15cm loop of line through the eye.
  2. Bring the end back on itself, passing it under the doubled part.
  3. Make five loops over the doubled part.
  4. The formed knot is worked into shape.
  5. The knot is sent down the line, against the eye of the hook or swivel.

Scaffold Knot

Scaffold Knot This is a much simpler variant. In all likelihood, this Grant's Uni-Knot. I have used it for more than fifty years and it has never failed me, whether tied in 1kg or 50kg monofilament. It was taught to me by the late Wally Kerr, a top flathead fisherman.

  1. Pass a 15cm loop of line through the eye.
  2. Lock the upper part between thumb and forefinger, making a loop.
  3. Make two more loops over the double part, holding them too, between thumb and forefinger.
  4. Pass the end through the two loops just made, plus the first loop made in step2.
  5. The formed knot can now be drawn into shape, and worked down against the eye of the hook or swivel.

Snelling A Hook

One small problem is the variety of names that may be applied to the one knot, for example, a Granny is a False Knot, a Clove Hitch is a Waterman's Knot, an Overhand Knot is a Thumb Knot. But when we come to snelling a hook, the length of nylon attached to the hook may be a snell or a snood.

I now find that the actual job of tying the snood may be called snoozing, while snelling is often jealously thought of as an art restricted to the fly fisherman. I have fished with bottom-fisherman on the Great Barrier Reef who routinely snell their hooks.

Snelling A Hook Restricted to lines of breaking strength less than about 20kg, the process is a simple one.

  1. Pass the end of the line, trace or tippet through the eye twice, leaving a loop hanging below the hook.
  2. Hold both lines along the shank of the hook.
  3. Use the loop to wind tight coils around the shank and both lines, from the eye upwards. Use from 5 to 10 turns.
  4. Use the fingers to hold these tight coils in place. Pull the line (extending from the eye) until the whole loop has passed under these tight coils.
  5. With coils drawn up, use pliers to pull up the end of the line.

Joining Line To Line

There are two top grade knots used to join one line to another, where these are approximately of the same thickness. These are the Blood Knot and the Hangman's Knot - also called the Uni Knot by the International Game Fish Association.

Blood Knot Where there diameters are very dissimilar, either the Surgeon's Knot should be used, or the thinner line should be doubled where the knot is formed.

Blood Knot

  1. Lie the ends of the two lines against each other, overlapping about 15cm.
  2. Take 5 turns around one line with the end of the other, and bring the end back where it's held between the two lines.
  3. Repeat by taking 5 turns around the other line, bringing the end back between the two lines. These two ends should then project in opposite directions.
  4. Work the knot up into loops, taking care that the two ends do not slip out of position.
  5. Draw the knot up tightly.

Uni-Knot Version Of The Hangmans Knot

Uni-Knot Version Of The Hangman's Knot

A better join can be made using one of the Hangman's Knots, known to the International Game Fish Association fisherman as the Uni-Knot.

This is a knot used for attaching the line to the spool of the reel.

  1. Overlap the two lines for about 15cm.
  2. Using one end, form a circle that overlies both lines.
  3. Pass the end six times around the two lines.
  4. Pull the end tight to draw the knot up into shape.
  5. Repeat the process using the end of the other line.
  6. Pull both lines to slide the two knots together.

Surgeon's Knot

Surgeons Knot Earlier mention was made that if the two lines to be joined vary greatly in their diameters, the lesser line may be doubled at the knot, or the Surgeon's Knot may be used. In the latter case, it will probably be necessary to have one of the lines rolled on a spool, or perhaps wrapped on a temporary card, so that it may be passed through the loop.

  1. Lay the two lines against each other, overlapping about 22.5 cm.
  2. Working the two lines as one, tie an Overhand Knot. It will be necessary to pull one line (say the leader) completely through this loop.
  3. Pull the leader through this loop again.
  4. Pass the other end through the loop.
  5. The formed knot can now be worked into shape.

Spider Hitch

The offshore fisherman often have a need to tie a double line - a long loop of line that is obviously stronger, and easier to handle, than the line itself. In accordance with International Game Fish Association Rules, the double line may be up to 4.5m long in lines up to 10kg, and as much as 9m in heavier lines.

Spider Hitch The double may be tied by means of the simple Spider Hitch with lines to 15kg. The big game boys use the Bimini Twist, a double that is normally formed by two people who make the intitial twenty twists. The Bimini is obviously beyond the scope of this little book. It's smaller brother, the Spider Hitch, is a much faster and easier knot for the light tackle fisherman.

  1. Form a loop of the desired length, say 1.25m.
  2. Twist a section into a small loop.
  3. This is the only tricky part - hold this loop with thumb and forefinger, the thumb extending above the finger, and with the loop standing up beyond the tip of the thumb.
  4. Wind the doubled line around the thumb and the loop 5 times.
  5. Send the rest of the long loop through the small loop, and pull gently to unwind the turns off the thumb.
  6. The knot is now formed and worked into tight coils.

Offshore Swivel Knot

Offshore Swivel Knot This is a special knot used for attaching a swivel to a double line.

  1. Put the end of the double line through the eye of the swivel.
  2. Rotate the end half a turn, putting a single twist between the end of the loop and the swivel eye.
  3. Pass the loop with the twist over the swivel. Hold the end of the loop, together with the double, with one hand, and allow the swivel to slide to the end of the double loops that have formed.
  4. Continue holding the loop and the lines with the right hand. Use the left hand to rotate the swivel through both loops 6 times or more.
  5. Keep pressure on both parts of the double line. Release the loop. Pull on the swivel and loops of line will start to form.
  6. Holding the swivel with pliers, or (better still) attaching it with a short length of line to the rigging, push the loop down towards the eye while keeping pressure on the double line.

Surgeons End Loop

Loops are made for the purpose of attaching leaders, traces or other terminal tackle. They have the advantage that they can be tied quickly and in the dark.

The Surgeon's End Loop is an easy way to go.

Surgeons End Loop

  1. Take the end of the line and double it to form a loop of the required size.
  2. Tie an Overhand Knot at the desired point, leaving the loop open.
  3. Bring the doubled line through the loop again.
  4. Hold the line and the end part together, and pull the loop to form a knot.

Blood Bight Knot

Blood Bight Knot Another end loop can be tied quickly and easily using the Blood Bight Knot.

  1. Double the line back to make a loop of the size desired.
  2. Bring the end of the loop twice over the doubled part.
  3. Now pass the end of the loop through the first loop formed in the doubled part.
  4. Draw the knot up into shape, keeping pressure on both lines.

The Blood Bight Knot is often used for attaching a dropper when fishing deep water with several hooks.

Some anglers attached the hook directly to the end of the loop, which should be at least 30cm from the end of the line.

This is not a good practice, especially when the fish are shy. Far better to attach a single strand of nylon to a short Blood Bight Knot, using another Blood Bight Knot, or a Surgeon's Knot.

Dropper Loop

A better method of forming a loop, or loops, in the line above the sinker is to use the old Dropper Loop. This draws into a knot that stands out at right angles to the line.

If desired, the loops can be made long enough to have a hook set on them. And once again, this is not a good practice unless the fish are biting-mad, which they rarely are. Dropper Loop

  1. Form a loop in the line.
  2. Take hold of one side of the loop, and make 6 or more turns around the line itself.
  3. This is the tricky part - keep open the point where the turns, or twists, are being made.
  4. Take hold of the other side of the loop, and pull it through the centre opening. use a finger in this loop so that it is not lost.
  5. Hold this loop between the teeth. Pull gently on both ends of the line, making the turns gather and pack down on either side of the loop.
  6. Draw up the knot by pulling the lines as tightly as possible. The turns will make the loop stand at right angles to the line.

Tucked Sheet Bend

Usually employed by the fly fisherman, the Tucked Sheet Bend is commonly used for joining the backing line to the tapered line. It is not an especially compact knot, but has a very strong attachment which cannot be said for the more aesthetically pleasing Perfection Loop.

Tucked Sheet Bend
  1. Make a Blood Bight (see above) at the end of the backing line.
  2. Take the end of the tapered line. Pass it through the Blood Bightand make a simple Sheet Bend.
  3. Now pass the end of the tapered line back through the closed loop of the Sheet Bend.
  4. Hold both ends of the tapered line to tighten and draw into shape.

Float Stop

Float Stop The float fisherman uses a running float for casting and general handiness, and stops the float from running up the line by using the Float Stop. It has the advantage that the stops moves readily over the rod guides, but grips the monofilament nylon so tightly that it will not slide over the line.

It should be made with about 12.5cm of nylon, usually the same diameter as the line itself.

  1. Take 2 turns (3 if necessary) around the main line at the chosen point.
  2. Bring both ends around to form a Surgeon's Knot (see above).
  3. Tighten into shape bringing the coils close together.

Turle Knot

Turle Knot

I have included the still-used Turle Knot for old times sake. Also known as the Turtle Knot, and Major Turle's Knot, it is simplicity itself to tie, but is one of the weakest knots.

It should never be used for light lines, and there are better knots for use with heavy ones.

  1. Pass the line through the eye of the hook.
  2. Make a simple loop.
  3. Carry the end of the line on to make a Simple Overhand Knot upon the loop.
  4. Pass the loop over the hook.
  5. Draw up into shape.

Double Turle Knot

Double Turle Knot Tied in monofilament nylon, the Turle Knot may slip unless another Simple Overhand Knot is made at the end of the line where it leaves the Turle Knot.

It is improved substantially by using the Double Turle Knot.

  1. Pass the line through the eye of the hook or swivel.
  2. Make two simple loops, and carry the line on to make a Simple Overhand Knot around both loops.
  3. Pass both of these loops over the hook or swivel.
  4. Pull on both parts of the line to draw the knot up into shape against the eye of the hook or swivel.


30 Mei 2009

Saya suka ikan, tapi lagi best bila pegi memancing "IKAN"(ikan betul la)..
betapa syoknya ati ni bila dapat ikan besar, skang aku tgh hot mancing sembilang kat kuala muda, umpan pun bajet.. minyak moto pun bajet. dapat dalam 5,6 ekor pun jadi... janji puas. haha...

blog ni tak canggih lagi... kurang info.. dalam pembinaan


Makna tersirat di sebalik tanda tangan:
1. Satu garisan di bawah tanda tangan

  • ~Seorang yang sangat yakin
  • ~Ada personaliti yang hebat
  • ~ Agak mementingkan diri sendiri
  • ~ Percaya bahawa kebahagiaan dalam hidup sangat perlu
2. Dua titik di bawah tanda tangan
  • ~ Anda romantik
  • ~ Mudah bertukar pasangan macam tukar baju
  • ~ Memilih kecantikan (bagi lelaki)
  • ~ Sentiasa berusaha untuk kelihatan cantik (bagi wanita)
  • ~ Mudah menarik perhatian orang untuk berdamping
3. Satu titik di bawah tanda tangan
  • ~ Anda kelihatan mudah dan tenang
  • ~ Cepat hilang kepercayaan pada orang anda percayai apabila dikhianati
4. Tiada garisan/titik di bawah tanda tangan
  • ~ Seronok dengan kehidupan
  • ~ Ikut gaya dan cara sendiri
  • ~ Kurang memberikan perhatian pada pandangan orang lain
5. Tanda tangan yang tiada kaitan dengan nama

  • ~ Anda sentiasa berusaha supaya smart
  • ~ Suka berselindung
  • ~ Jarang mengambil pandangan orang lain sebagai panduan hidup
  • ~ Yakin dengan kebolehan diri sendiri
6. Tanda tangan berasaskan ejaan nama tapi sukar nampak
  • ~ Anda cerdik tapi kurang hendak berfikir
  • ~ Anda cepat menukar pandangan dan idea
7. Tanda tangan huruf satu-satu, tidak bersambung
  • ~ Seorang yang sangat prihatin
  • ~ Tidak pentingkan diri sendiri
  • ~ Sanggup berkorban apa saja untuk orang lain
  • ~ Seorang pemikir
  • ~ Seorang yang mudah serik
8. Tanda tangan ikut ejaan nama dengan huruf yang jelas
  • ~ Seorang yang sangat baik
  • ~ Boleh menyesuaikan diri dalam apa juga keadaan atau dengan siapa saja anda berurusan
  • ~ Tegas dengan pendapat sendiri
  • ~ Ada semangat yang tinggi

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